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The Vegetarian Useful resource Group Weblog


Posted on
November 18, 2022 by
The VRG Weblog Editor

By Reed Mangels, PhD, RD

Round 30 years in the past, researchers in the UK began a big research that would offer a wealth of information in regards to the well being of vegans and vegetarians. The research is named EPIC-Oxford which stands for the Oxford cohort of the European Potential Investigation into Most cancers and Vitamin. It contains 65,000 grownup women and men residing all through the U.Ok, roughly half of whom don’t eat meat (1).  About 30% of topics are lacto-ovo vegetarian and 4% are vegan (2).

EPIC-Oxford tracked research topics for greater than 18 years, throughout which the themes answered questions on their well being and meals selections. One necessary space that the research investigated was the connection between weight loss plan kind and the chance of creating widespread power illnesses corresponding to coronary heart illness, most cancers, and diabetes.

In comparison with nonvegetarians, vegetarians and vegans had a 22% decrease danger of coronary heart illness (1). This gave the impression to be as a result of usually decrease physique mass index (BMI), decrease blood stress, and decrease LDL-cholesterol degree typical of vegetarians and vegans.

Diabetes is an more and more widespread situation. In EPIC-Oxford, vegetarians had a 35% decrease danger of diabetes in comparison with nonvegetarians; vegans had a 47% decrease danger. Total most cancers danger was 10% decrease in vegetarians and 18% decrease in vegans. Vegetarians and vegans additionally had a decrease danger of diverticular illness and cataracts and vegetarians had a decrease danger of kidney stones in comparison with a bunch characterised as “excessive meat eaters” (1).

In distinction to those optimistic outcomes, vegetarians had a better danger of a kind of stroke, particularly hemorrhagic stroke (1).  You may learn extra about this consequence right here. Bone fracture danger was additionally greater in vegetarians and vegans. You may learn extra about that consequence right here.

The outcomes, exhibiting a diminished danger of a number of widespread illnesses in vegetarians and vegans are particularly spectacular after we think about that each the vegetarians and nonvegetarians on this research had been significantly more healthy than the typical particular person residing in the UK (1).

The scientists who carried out this necessary research want to see extra analysis completed investigating modifications in diets of vegetarians and vegans over latest years as extra vegan comfort meals have been developed. They want to see a research completed which incorporates many extra vegans than EPIC-Oxford did – tens of 1000’s of vegans in distinction to EPIC-Oxford’s roughly 2,300 vegans.

References

  1. Key TJ, Papier Ok, Tong TYN. Plant-based diets and long-term well being: findings from the EPIC-Oxford research. Proc Nutr Soc. 2022;81(2):190-198.
  2. Davey GK, Spencer EA, Appleby PN, et al. EPIC-Oxford way of life traits and nutrient consumption in a cohort of 33,883 meat-eaters and 31,546 non meat-eaters within the UK. Public Well being Nutr. 2003;6:259-68.

To learn extra about EPIC-Oxford see:

Lengthy-term Research of Vegetarians

Enough Calcium Essential for Vegan Bone Well being

EPIC-Oxford web site

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